The Australian Natural Disaster Resilience Index: assessing Australia's disaster resilience at a national scale
|Title||The Australian Natural Disaster Resilience Index: assessing Australia's disaster resilience at a national scale|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Parsons, M, Morley, P, Glavac, S, McGregor, J, Hastings, P, Reeve, I, Stayner, R, McNeill, J, Marshall, G|
|Publisher||Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC|
The Australian Natural Disaster Resilience Index (ANDRI) is Australia’s first national-scale standardised snapshot of disaster resilience. Because of its national extent, the ANDRI takes a top-down approach using indicators derived from secondary data. The ANDRI has a hierarchical design based on coping and adaptive capacities representing the potential for disaster resilience in Australian communities. Coping capacity is the means by which people or organizations use available resources, skills and opportunities to face adverse consequences that could lead to a disaster. Adaptive capacity is the arrangements and processes that enable adjustment through learning, adaptation and transformation. Coping capacity is divided into themes of social character, economic capital, infrastructure and planning, emergency services, community capital and information and engagement. Adaptive capacity is divided into themes of governance, policy and leadership and social and community engagement. Indicators are collected to determine the status of each theme. This paper will present a preliminary assessment of the state of disaster resilience in Australia, and the spatial distribution of disaster resilience across Australia. We then outline the framing of the assessment outcomes as areas of strength and opportunities for enhancing the capacities for disaster resilience in Australian communities. The utilisation of the ANDRI into emergency management agency programs and tools will also be discussed.