Our People

A/Prof Jason Sharples
Project Leader
Key interests:

About

Jason graduated with a Bachelor of Science (Mathematics/Physics) and Bachelor of Mathematics in 1995 and an Honours degree in Mathematics in 1996, all from the University of Newcastle. He then completed his PhD in pure mathematics and mathematical physics at the University of Canberra.
In 2001, Jason was appointed as a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Australian National University where he worked on the spatiotemporal analysis of climatic variables such as rainfall and evaporation. In 2006 Jason moved to the School of PEMS where he worked on the Bushfire CRC's HighFire Risk Project.
Between 2008 and 2011 Jason worked in the School of PEMS as a Research Associate on an ARC funded project addressing the existence and stability of combustion waves arising in simplified reaction schemes.

In 2011 Jason was appointed as Lecturer in Mathematics in the School of PEMS, where he works as part of the Applied and Industrial Mathematics Research Group. Jason has been a Discovery Indigenous Award recipient, working on an ARC funded project concerned with better understanding the dynamics of extreme bushfire development. In 2014 he was appointed as an Associate Professor at the University of NSW Canberra.

Project leadership

Fire behaviour in dry eucalypt forests in Australia (and in many other vegetation types to a lesser extent) is characterised by the occurrence of spotfires—new fires ignited by the transport of burning debris such as bark ahead of an existing fire. Under most burning conditions, spotfires play little role in the overall propagation of a fire, except where spread is impeded by breaks in fuel or topography and spotfires allow these impediments to be overcome. However, under conditions of severe bushfire behaviour spotfire occurrence can be so prevalent that spotting becomes the dominant propagation mechanism and the fire spreads as a cascade of spotfires forming a ‘pseudo’ front. It has long been recognised that the presence of multiple individual fires affects the behaviour and spread of all fires present. The converging of separate individual fires into larger fires is called coalescence and can lead to rapid increases in fire intensity and spread rate, leading to the phenomenon of a ‘fire storm’. This coalescence effect is frequently used in prescribed burning, with multiple point ignitions used to rapidly burn out large areas.

The team has demonstrated the performance advantages of fire propagation models incorporating curvature dependence when applied to simple wind-driven fires at both laboratory and field scales. The research has also produced fundamental insights into how the shape of the fire line affects the dynamic behaviour of the fire as a whole. Coupled fire-atmosphere modelling was used to investigate how fire-induced air movements (pyroconvection) can produce significantly enhanced rates of spread for certain fire shapes.

Year Type Citation
2016 Report Sharples, J. J., Hilton, J. & Sullivan, A. Fire coalescence and mass spot fire dynamics: experimentation, modelling and simulation: Annual project report 2015-2016. (Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC, 2016).
2016 Conference Paper Quill, R. et al. Wind speed reduction induced by post-fire vegetation regrowth. AFAC16 (Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC, 2016).
2016 Journal Article Sharples, J. J. et al. Natural hazards in Australia: extreme bushfire. Climatic Change 139, 85-99 (2016).
2016 Journal Article Hilton, J., Sharples, J. J. & Sullivan, A. Curvature effects in the dynamic propagation of wildfires. International Journal of Wildland Fire 25, (2016).
2015 Conference Paper Sharples, J. J., Simpson, C., Evans, J. P. & McRae, R. H. D. Threshold Behaviour in Dynamic Fire Propagation Conference Paper 2014. Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC and AFAC Wellington Conference 2014 (2015).
2015 Presentation Sharples, J. J., Hilton, J. & Sullivan, A. Dynamic modelling of fire coalescence. (2015).
2015 Report Sharples, J. J. Fire coalescence and mass spotfire dynamics: Experimentation, modelling and simulation - Annual project report 2014-2015. (Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC, 2015).
2015 Conference Paper McRae, R. H. D., Sharples, J. J., Fromm, M. & Kablick, G. Linking local wildfire dynamics to pyroCB development - non peer reviewed extended abstract. Adelaide Conference 2015 (2015).
2011 Journal Article Sharples, J. J., McRae, R. H. D. & Wilkes, S. R. Wind-terrain effects on the propagation of wildfires in rugged terrain: fire channelling. International Journal of Wildland Fire (2011). doi:10.1071/WF10055
2009 Journal Article Sharples, J. J. An overview of mountain meteorological effects relevant to fire behaviour and bushfire risk. International Journal of Wildland Fire 18, 737 (2009).
2009 Journal Article Sharples, J. J., McRae, R. H. D., Weber, R. & A. Gill, M. A simple index for assessing fire danger rating. Environmental Modelling & Software 24, 764 - 774 (2009).
2008 Journal Article Sharples, J. J. Review of formal methodologies for wind–slope correction of wildfire rate of spread. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17, 179 (2008).

Posters credited

Nature Abhors Curvature - Fires Included! Modelling Spot Fire Coalescence


Spotting can be the dominant fire propagation mechanism during times of extreme fire weather. Spot fires can merge and collapse on one another creating regions of deep flaming, which produce violent pyroconvection. Understanding and modelling the intrinsic dynamics of spot fire coalescence is an important step in providing ways of mitigating the effects of extreme fires.

Evaluation of Operational Models for Wind Variability Over Complex Terrain


Understanding the variability of wind speed and direction across complex terrain is a vital part of understanding volatile fire behaviour. A probabilistic characterisation of wind fields can complement the current deterministic approaches to enhance discussion of uncertainties in the modelling process.

Key Topics:
Impact of Vegetation Regrowth on Wind Direction Over Complex Terrain


Modelling wind direction can be recast in probabilistic terms using wind response distributions. The impacts of vegetation regrowth on wind direction response can then be investigated using statistical comparison techniques.

Key Topics:
Christopher Thomas Conference Poster 2016


A key problem in wildfire modelling is how to capture dynamic fire behaviour in models suitable for operational use.

Experimental investigation of junction fire dynamics, with and without wind


Junction fires occur when two oblique fire lines intersect with one another. The interaction of the two fire lines means that junction fires can exhibit unexpected fire behaviour, with enhanced rates of spread in the vicinity of the junction point. Quantifying these interactions is essential for the development of next generation fire spread models, which will allow prediction of dynamic fire propagation.

Incorporation of spotting and fire dynamics in a coupled atmosphere - fire modelling framework


This project focuses on looking for ways to improve operational fire-spread modelling by looking for computationally cheap techniques to model dynamic fire spread, and by the incorporation of spotting.

Key Topics:

Resources credited

All the resources from our 2016 conference

Research program in detail

Where, why and how are Australians dying in floods?

2015-2016 year in review

Bushfire planning with kids ebook