Student researcher

Amila Dissanayake Research Leader

Fire is one of the most severe hazards to which built infrastructure may be subjected to during their lifetime. Total estimated cost of fire in Australia for 2005 was AUD $12,000 million of 1.3% of GDP. This research will develop a much needed framework for decision making on the fire performance of existing (including retrofitted) steel bridges. This will include developing suitable fire curves for bush and accidental fires, calculating the residual strength after a fire event, calculating a bridge fire vulnerability index for a given structural form, and finding ways to enhance the fire resilience of bridges.

Research questions include:

  • What are the realistic bridge fire curves?
  • What   are   the   available   constitutive   material  models   that   account  the temperature dependent behaviour for concrete, steel, and FRP, as well as the bond-slip behaviour of FRP-to steel and steel-to concrete interfaces?
  • How can we model the composite action of a steel girder bridges?
  • What is the significance of high-temperature creep of steel and concrete?
  • What are the ways to improve the fire resistance?
  • How can we protect the FRP based retrofitting works from a fire?
  • What is the residual strength of the structure after a fire?
  • What is the vulnerability index for a given steel bridge for a given fire?

This  research   will  identify  the  vulnerability   index  for  a structural form of a steel bridge, that is exposed to bushfires and hydrocarbon based accidental fires. It will look deeply in to the accurate numerical modeling   of a steel bridges under elevated temperature.  Research will investigate on the ways to enhance fire resilience of bridges. It will find the effect of fire on bridge retrofitting works.   It will investigate the robustness of bridges under fire conditions.  Research  will develop time-temperature curve for bush fires.  Results will broden the knowledge on the use of structural retrofitting works on the disaster mitigation process. A credible outcome will be presented in a form that the insurance industry can also utilize in assessing potential reductions of risk and possible premium reduction incentives to its policy owner. A sufficient disaster resilience of the infrastructure will minimize the cost of disruption to economic activities.

Amila Dissanayake Conference Poster 2016
12 Aug 2016
Focus of this research is to assess the performance of existing composite steel girder bridges to most...
Performance analysis of composite steel girder bridge structural elements subjected to bushfires
29 Jun 2017
The focus if this research is to assess the performance of existing composite steel girder bridges to most...
Numerical assessment of a steel bridge subjected to Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) fires
19 Sep 2018
The focus of this research is to assess the performance of a steel plate girder bridge subjected to WUI fire...