This aide memoire can be used by teams to identify cognitive biases in the decision-making process. A nominated person should become familiar with the aide memoire and act as the ‘devil’s advocate’ so they can read out the biases to the team and challenge them to identify if they have made any effort to mitigate the effect of these biases. The aide memoire is best used for key decisions and involves two steps.
What is cognitive bias?
A cognitive bias is a mistake in reasoning, evaluating or remembering that often occurs because we hold onto our preferences and beliefs regardless of contrary information or intelligence. The extent to which we hold onto our biases can be influenced by factors such as stress, fatigue or time pressures.