End User representatives
This project is analysing building losses and human fatalities from natural disasters in Australia. It is measuring the impacts of natural disasters in order to provide an evidence base for emergency management policy and practice.
The foundation for this work is the Macquarie University database PerilAUS.
This is an authoritative database of Australian natural hazard events that have resulted in either loss of life or damage to property. The database contains historical data dating back to European settlement on the incidence and consequences of such events. This project is collecting further information through the analysis of coronial and newspaper reports from around the country.
This project is providing an analysis of building damage by hazard and by state and territory due to natural hazards since 1900, and a longitudinal analysis of the social and environmental circumstances in respect to fatalities, injuries and near misses.
One of the main outcomes will be an understanding of how trends in the exposure and vulnerability of people and buildings to natural hazards have changed over time. Who is most at risk and why? What can we learn about the circumstances of these deaths and how they found themselves in that situation?
These trends are being interpreted in the context of emerging issues including an ageing population, population shifts and climate change, and how these issues might influence vulnerability and exposure trends.
Key policy and procedural changes are being investigated in terms of their impact on fatalities, injuries, rescues and building loses, such as the impacts from changes in building codes or new emergency management policies.
The next phase, following on from bushfire and flood deaths, will be to investigate fatalities from cyclones, earthquakes and severe storms (wind, hail, lightning and tornados).
The project has been active in the media, with a feature in The Conversation leading to several radio interviews with the researchers. Journal articles have appeared in publications including Environmental Science and Policy, Fire Australia, the Australian Journal of Emergency Management, and Crisis Response Journal. Conference presentations have included twice at the Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC and AFAC national conference, and at the Floodplain Management Australia conference.
A paper analysing the historical impacts of extreme heatwaves in Australia has been one of the first outputs of a project to measure and understand the impacts of natural hazards in terms of human health and building damage.
To measure and understand the impacts of natural hazards in terms of the toll on human life and injuries, and building losses and damage, in order to provide an evidence base for emergency management policy and practise
Floods are the second highest cause of death from natural hazard events in Australia following extreme heat. Bushfire and Natural Hazard CRC research has so far uncovered 1874 flood fatalities between 1900-2015. This data shows a growing number of fatalities associated with vehicles entering floodwaters, particularly 4WDs.
This project is measuring and gaining a greater understanding of the impacts of natural hazards in terms of the toll of human life, injuries and building damage in order to provide an evidence base for emergency management policy and practice.
|Mapping and understanding bushfire and natural hazard vulnerability and risks at the institutional scale||Prof Roger Jones||Victoria University|
|Economics of natural hazards||Prof David Pannell||University of Western Australia|
|Pre-disaster multihazard damage and economic loss estimation model||Prof Mehmet Ulubasoglu||Deakin University|
|Decision support system for assessment of policy and planning investment options for optimal natural hazard mitigation||Prof Holger Maier||University of Adelaide|
|Using realistic disaster scenario analysis to understand natural hazard impacts and emergency management requirements||Dr Thomas Loridan||Macquarie University|